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groups:twgc:fabric-doc:build_network_zh.md

# 1. 构建你的第一个网络

<!– TOC –>

- [1. 构建你的第一个网络](#1-构建你的第一个网络)

  1. [1.1. 安装预置环境](#11-安装预置环境)
  2. [1.2. 想要现在运行吗?](#12-想要现在运行吗)
  3. [1.3. 生成网络神器](#13-生成网络神器)
  4. [1.4. 启动网络](#14-启动网络)
  5. [1.5. 关闭网络](#15-关闭网络)
  6. [1.6. 加密生成器](#16-加密生成器)
    1. [1.6.1. 它是如何工作的?](#161-它是如何工作的)
  7. [1.7. 配置交易生成器](#17-配置交易生成器)
    1. [1.7.1. 它是如何工作的?](#171-它是如何工作的)
  8. [1.8. 运行工具](#18-运行工具)
    1. [1.8.1. 手动生成配置文件](#181-手动生成配置文件)
  9. [1.9. 启动网络](#19-启动网络)
    1. [1.9.1. 环境变量](#191-环境变量)
    2. [1.9.2. 创建&加入信道](#192-创建加入信道)
    3. [1.9.3. 安装和实例化链码](#193-安装和实例化链码)
    4. [1.9.4. 查询](#194-查询)
    5. [1.9.5. 调用](#195-调用)
    6. [1.9.6. 查询](#196-查询)
    7. [1.9.7. 幕后发生了什么?](#197-幕后发生了什么)
    8. [1.9.8. 这指明了什么?](#198-这指明了什么)
    9. [1.9.9. 我如何查询这些交易?](#199-我如何查询这些交易)
    10. [1.9.10. 我如何查看链码日志?](#1910-我如何查看链码日志)
  10. [1.10. 了解 Docker Compose 技术](#110-了解-docker-compose-技术)
  11. [1.11. 使用CouchDB](#111-使用couchdb)
  12. [1.12. 关于数据持久化的提示](#112-关于数据持久化的提示)
  13. [1.13. 故障排除](#113-故障排除)

<!– /TOC –>

Note
These instructions have been verified to work against the version “1.0.0-rc1” tagged Docker images and the pre-compiled setup utilities within the supplied tar file. If you run these commands with images or tools from the current master branch, it is possible that you will see configuration and panic errors.
注意
这些说明已经被验证,适用于被标记“1.0.0-rc1”的Docker镜像和提供tar文件中的预编译的实用程序。如果你在当前的主分支下使用下列命令以及镜像或者工具,你可能会看到一些配置和panic错误。

The build your first network (BYFN) scenario provisions a sample Hyperledger Fabric network consisting of two organizations, each maintaining two peer nodes, and a “solo” ordering service.

构建你的第一个网络(BYFN)场景提供了由两个组织组成的示例Hyperledger Fabric网络,每个组织持有2个peer节点,以及一个“solo”排序服务。

## 1.1. 安装预置环境

Before we begin, if you haven’t already done so, you may wish to check that you have all the Prerequisites installed on the platform(s) on which you’ll be developing blockchain applications and/or operating Hyperledger Fabric.

在我们开始之前,如果你还没有这样做,你可能需要检查一下在你开发区块链应用程序或者Hyperledger Fabric的平台上是否已经安装了预置环境。

You will also need to download and install the Hyperledger Fabric Samples. You will notice that there are a number of samples included in the fabric-samples repository. We will be using the first-network sample. Let’s open that sub-directory now.

你还需要下载并安装`Hyperledger Fabric Samples`。你会注意到`fabric-samples`文件夹中包含了许多示例。我们将使用`first-network`这个例子。现在让我们打开这个子目录。 ```bash cd first-network ```

Note
The supplied commands in this documentation MUST be run from your first-network sub-directory of the ``fabric-samples``repository clone. If you elect to run the commands from a different location, the various provided scripts will be unable to find the binaries.
注意
本文档中提供的命令必须运行在`fabric-network`的子目录`first-network`中。如果你选择从其他位置运行命令,提供的一些列脚本将无法找到对应的二进制。

## 1.2. 想要现在运行吗?

We provide a fully annotated script byfn.sh that leverages these Docker images to quickly bootstrap a Hyperledger Fabric network comprised of 4 peers representing two different organizations, and an orderer node. It will also launch a container to run a scripted execution that will join peers to a channel, deploy and instantiate chaincode and drive execution of transactions against the deployed chaincode.

我们提供一个完全注释的脚本`byfn.sh`,利用这些Docker镜像可以快速引导一个由4个代表2个不同组织的peer节点以及一个排序服务节点的`Hyperledger fabric`网络。它还将启动一个容器来运行一个将peer节点加入channel、部署实例化链码服务以及驱动已经部署的链码执行交易的脚本。

Here’s the help text for the byfn.sh script:

以下是该`byfn.sh`脚本的帮助文档: ```bash ./byfn.sh -h Usage:

byfn.sh -m up|down|restart|generate [-c <channel name>] [-t <timeout>]
byfn.sh -h|--help (print this message)
  -m <mode> - one of 'up', 'down', 'restart' or 'generate'
    - 'up' - bring up the network with docker-compose up
    - 'down' - bring up the network with docker-compose up
    - 'restart' - bring up the network with docker-compose up
    - 'generate' - generate required certificates and genesis block
  -c <channel name> - config name to use (defaults to "mychannel")
  -t <timeout> - CLI timeout duration in microseconds (defaults to 10000)

Typically, one would first generate the required certificates and genesis block, then bring up the network. e.g.:

byfn.sh -m generate -c <channelname>
byfn.sh -m up -c <channelname>

```

If you choose not to supply a channel name, then the script will use a default name of mychannel. The CLI timeout parameter (specified with the -t flag) is an optional value; if you choose not to set it, then your CLI container will exit upon conclusion of the script.

如果你选择不提供channel名称,则脚本将使用默认名称`mychannel`。CLI超时参数(用-t标志指定)是一个可选值;如果你选择不设置它,那么CLI容器将会在脚本执行完之后退出。

## 1.3. 生成网络神器

Ready to give it a go? Okay then! Execute the following command. You will see a brief description as to what will occur, along with a yes/no command line prompt. Respond with a y to execute the described action.

准备好了吗?好吧!执行以下命令。你将会看到会发生什么伴随yes/no命令行提示的简要说明。输入y来执行描述的动作。

```bash ./byfn.sh -m generate Generating certs and genesis block for with channel 'mychannel' and CLI timeout of '10000' Continue (y/n)?y proceeding … /Users/xxx/dev/fabric-samples/bin/cryptogen

########################################################## ##### Generate certificates using cryptogen tool ######### ########################################################## org1.example.com 2017-06-12 21:01:37.334 EDT [bccsp] GetDefault → WARN 001 Before using BCCSP, please call InitFactories(). Falling back to bootBCCSP. …

/Users/xxx/dev/fabric-samples/bin/configtxgen ########################################################## ######### Generating Orderer Genesis block ############## ########################################################## 2017-06-12 21:01:37.558 EDT [common/configtx/tool] main → INFO 001 Loading configuration 2017-06-12 21:01:37.562 EDT [msp] getMspConfig → INFO 002 intermediate certs folder not found at [/Users/xxx/dev/byfn/crypto-config/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/intermediatecerts]. Skipping.: [stat /Users/xxx/dev/byfn/crypto-config/ordererOrganizations/example.com/msp/intermediatecerts: no such file or directory] … 2017-06-12 21:01:37.588 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputBlock → INFO 00b Generating genesis block 2017-06-12 21:01:37.590 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputBlock → INFO 00c Writing genesis block

################################################################# ### Generating channel configuration transaction 'channel.tx' ### ################################################################# 2017-06-12 21:01:37.634 EDT [common/configtx/tool] main → INFO 001 Loading configuration 2017-06-12 21:01:37.644 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputChannelCreateTx → INFO 002 Generating new channel configtx 2017-06-12 21:01:37.645 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputChannelCreateTx → INFO 003 Writing new channel tx

################################################################# ####### Generating anchor peer update for Org1MSP ########## ################################################################# 2017-06-12 21:01:37.674 EDT [common/configtx/tool] main → INFO 001 Loading configuration 2017-06-12 21:01:37.678 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputAnchorPeersUpdate → INFO 002 Generating anchor peer update 2017-06-12 21:01:37.679 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputAnchorPeersUpdate → INFO 003 Writing anchor peer update

################################################################# ####### Generating anchor peer update for Org2MSP ########## ################################################################# 2017-06-12 21:01:37.700 EDT [common/configtx/tool] main → INFO 001 Loading configuration 2017-06-12 21:01:37.704 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputAnchorPeersUpdate → INFO 002 Generating anchor peer update 2017-06-12 21:01:37.704 EDT [common/configtx/tool] doOutputAnchorPeersUpdate → INFO 003 Writing anchor peer update ```

This first step generates all of the certificates and keys for all our various network entities, the genesis block used to bootstrap the ordering service, and a collection of configuration transactions required to configure a Channel.

第一步生成我们各种网络实体的所有证书和密钥,`genesis block`用于引导排序服务,以及配置`Channel`所需要的一组交易配置集合。

## 1.4. 启动网络

Next, you can bring the network up with the following command. Once again, you will be prompted as to whether you wish to continue or abort. Respond with a y:

接下来,你可以使用以下命令来启动整个网络。再试提示你是否继续。回答y:

```bash ./byfn.sh -m up Starting with channel 'mychannel' and CLI timeout of '10000' Continue (y/n)?y proceeding … Creating network “net_byfn” with the default driver Creating peer0.org1.example.com Creating peer1.org1.example.com Creating peer0.org2.example.com Creating orderer.example.com Creating peer1.org2.example.com Creating cli

_ _ _ / _| |_ _| / \ | _ \ |_ _| \_ \ | | / _ \ | |_) | | | _) | | | / _ \ | _ < | |

/ _ /_/ \_\ _ \_\ _

Channel name : mychannel Creating channel… ```

The logs will continue from there. This will launch all of the containers, and then drive a complete end-to-end application scenario. Upon successful completion, it should report the following in your terminal window:

日志将继续。然后启动所有容器,驱动一个端到端的应用场景。成功以后,在终端窗口中会报告以下内容: ```bash 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp] GetLocalMSP → DEBU 004 Returning existing local MSP 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp] GetDefaultSigningIdentity → DEBU 005 Obtaining default signing identity 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp/identity] Sign → DEBU 006 Sign: plaintext: 0AB1070A6708031A0C08F1E3ECC80510…6D7963631A0A0A0571756572790A0161 2017-05-16 17:08:01.367 UTC [msp/identity] Sign → DEBU 007 Sign: digest: E61DB37F4E8B0D32C9FE10E3936BA9B8CD278FAA1F3320B08712164248285C54 Query Result: 90 2017-05-16 17:08:15.158 UTC [main] main → INFO 008 Exiting…..

Query on PEER3 on channel 'mychannel' is successful

All GOOD, BYFN execution completed

_ _ _

\
_ \
_ | |\ | | |_| | |_| |_| \_| |/ ``` You can scroll through these logs to see the various transactions. If you don’t get this result, then jump down to the Troubleshooting section and let’s see whether we can help you discover what went wrong. 你可以滚动这些日志去查看各种交易。如果你没有获得这个结果,请移步疑难解答部分,看看我们是否可以帮助你发现问题。 ## 1.5. 关闭网络 Finally, let’s bring it all down so we can explore the network setup one step at a time. The following will kill your containers, remove the crypto material and four artifacts, and delete the chaincode images from your Docker Registry. Once again, you will be prompted to continue, respond with a y: 最后,让我们把它全部停下来,这样我们可以一步一步地探索网络设置。以下操作将关闭你的容器,移除加密材料和4个配置信息,并且从Docker仓库删除chaincode镜像。你将再一次被提示是否继续,回答y: ```bash ./byfn.sh -m down Stopping with channel 'mychannel' and CLI timeout of '10000' Continue (y/n)?y proceeding … WARNING: The CHANNEL_NAME variable is not set. Defaulting to a blank string. WARNING: The TIMEOUT variable is not set. Defaulting to a blank string. Removing network net_byfn 468aaa6201ed … Untagged: dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0:latest Deleted: sha256:ed3230614e64e1c83e510c0c282e982d2b06d148b1c498bbdcc429e2b2531e91 … ``` If you’d like to learn more about the underlying tooling and bootstrap mechanics, continue reading. In these next sections we’ll walk through the various steps and requirements to build a fully-functional Hyperledger Fabric network. 如果你想了解关于底层工具和引导材料相关的更多信息,请继续阅读。在接下来的章节中,我们将浏览构建功能齐全的`Hyperledger fabric`网络的各种要求和步骤。 ## 1.6. 加密生成器 We will use the cryptogen tool to generate the cryptographic material (x509 certs) for our various network entities. These certificates are representative of identities, and they allow for sign/verify authentication to take place as our entities communicate and transact. 我们将使用`cryptogen`工具为我们生成各种网络实体的加密材料(x509证书)。这些证书是身份的代表,它们允许在我们的网络实体进行交流和交易时进行签名/验证身份验证。 ### 1.6.1. 它是如何工作的? Cryptogen consumes a file - crypto-config.yaml - that contains the network topology and allows us to generate a set of certificates and keys for both the Organizations and the components that belong to those Organizations. Each Organization is provisioned a unique root certificate (ca-cert) that binds specific components (peers and orderers) to that Org. By assigning each Organization a unique CA certificate, we are mimicking a typical network where a participating Member would use its own Certificate Authority. Transactions and communications within Hyperledger Fabric are signed by an entity’s private key (keystore), and then verified by means of a public key (signcerts). `Cryptogen`消费一个包含网络拓扑的`crypto-config.yaml`,并允许我们为组织和属于这些组织的组件生成一组证书和密钥。每个组织都配置了唯一的根证书(`ca-cert`),它将特定组件(peers和orders)绑定到该组织。通过为每一个组织分配唯一的CA证书,我们正在模仿一个经典的网络,这个网络中的成员将使用自己的证书颁发机构。Hyperledger Fabric中的交易和通信是通过存储在`keystore`中的实体的私钥签名,然后通过公钥手段进行验证(`signcerts`)。 You will notice a count variable within this file. We use this to specify the number of peers per Organization; in our case there are two peers per Org. We won’t delve into the minutiae of x.509 certificates and public key infrastructure right now. If you’re interested, you can peruse these topics on your own time. 你将注意到在这个文件里有一个`count`变量。我们将使用它来指定每个组织中`peer`的数量;在我们的例子中,每个组织有两个peer。我们现在不会深入研究[x.509证书和公钥基础设施](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_infrastructure)的细节。如果你有兴趣,你可以在自己的时间细读这些主题。 Before running the tool, let’s take a quick look at a snippet from the crypto-config.yaml. Pay specific attention to the “Name”, “Domain” and “Specs” parameters under the OrdererOrgs header: 在运行该工具之前,让我们快速浏览一下这段代码`crypto-config.yaml`。特别注意在`OrdererOrgs`头下的`Name`,`Domain`和`Specs`参数: ```bash OrdererOrgs: #——————————————————— # Orderer # ——————————————————– - Name: Orderer Domain: example.com # —————————————————— # “Specs” - See PeerOrgs below for complete description # —————————————————– Specs: - Hostname: orderer # ——————————————————- # “PeerOrgs” - Definition of organizations managing peer nodes # —————————————————— PeerOrgs: # —————————————————– # Org1 # —————————————————- - Name: Org1 Domain: org1.example.com ``` The naming convention for a network entity is as follows - “hostname.domain”. So using our ordering node as a reference point, we are left with an ordering node named - orderer.example.com that is tied to an MSP ID of Orderer. This file contains extensive documentation on the definitions and syntax. You can also refer to the Membership Service Providers (MSP) documentation for a deeper dive on MSP. After we run the cryptogen tool, the generated certificates and keys will be saved to a folder titled crypto-config. 网络实体的命名约定如下:“hostname.domain“。所以使用我们的排序节点作为参考点,它与`Order`的MSP ID相关联。该文件包含了有关定义和语法的大量文档。你还可以参考[Membership Service Providers(MSP)](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/msp.html),以便更深入地了解MSP。 After we run the cryptogen tool, the generated certificates and keys will be saved to a folder titled crypto-config. 我们运行`cryptogen`工具,生成的证书和密钥将被保存到名为`crypto-config`的文件夹中。 ## 1.7. 配置交易生成器 The configtxgen tool is used to create four configuration artifacts: * orderer genesis block, * channel channel configuration transaction, * and two anchor peer transactions - one for each Peer Org. `configtxgen tool`用于创建4个配置工作: * order的`genesis block`, * channel的`channel configuration transaction`, * 以及两个`anchor peer transactions`一个对应一个Peer组织。 Please see Channel Configuration (configtxgen) for a complete description of the use of this tool. 有关此工具的完整说明,请参阅[Channel Configuration(configtxgen)](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/configtxgen.html)。 The orderer block is the Genesis Block for the ordering service, and the channel transaction file is broadcast to the orderer at Channel creation time. The anchor peer transactions, as the name might suggest, specify each Org’s Anchor Peer on this channel. `order block`是一个ordering service的[创世区块](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/glossary.html#genesis-block),`channel transaction`文件在`Channel`创建的时侯广播给order。`anchor peer transactions`,正如名称所示,指定了每个组织在此channel上的[`Anchor peer`](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/glossary.html#anchor-peer)。 ### 1.7.1. 它是如何工作的? Configtxgen consumes a file - configtx.yaml - that contains the definitions for the sample network. There are three members - one Orderer Org (OrdererOrg) and two Peer Orgs (Org1 & Org2) each managing and maintaining two peer nodes. This file also specifies a consortium - SampleConsortium - consisting of our two Peer Orgs. Pay specific attention to the “Profiles” section at the top of this file. You will notice that we have two unique headers. One for the orderer genesis block - TwoOrgsOrdererGenesis - and one for our channel - TwoOrgsChannel. Configtxgen使用一个包含示例网络的`configtx.yaml`文件。有3个成员-一个排序服务组织`OrdererOrg`以及两个节点组织(`Org1`&`Org2`),每个组织管理和持有2个peer节点。该文件还指定了一个`SampleConsortium`的联盟,由上述2个节点组织构成。 请特别注意此文件顶部的”Profiles”部分。你会注意到我们有两个独特的标题。一个是orderer的创世区块-`TwoOrgsOrdererGenesis`-另一个是针对管道的`TwoOrgsChannel`。 These headers are important, as we will pass them in as arguments when we create our artifacts. 这些标题很重要,因为在我们创建我们的工作的时侯她们将作为传递的参数。 >Note »Notice that our SampleConsortium is defined in the system-level profile and then referenced by our channel-level profile. Channels exist within the purview of a consortium, and all consortia must be defined in the scope of the network at large. >注意 »请注意我们的`SampleConsortium`在系统界别的配置文件中定义,然后由渠道级别配置文件引用。管道存在于联盟的范围内,所有的联盟必须定义在整个网络范围内。 This file also contains two additional specifications that are worth noting. Firstly, we specify the anchor peers for each Peer Org (peer0.org1.example.com & peer0.org2.example.com). Secondly, we point to the location of the MSP directory for each member, in turn allowing us to store the root certificates for each Org in the orderer genesis block. This is a critical concept. Now any network entity communicating with the ordering service can have its digital signature verified. 此文件还包含两个值得注意的附加规格。首先,我们为每个组织指定了锚点节点(`peer0.org1.example.com`和`peer0.org2.example.com`)。其次,我们为每个成员指定MSP文件夹,用来存储每个组织在`orderer genesis block`中指定的根证书。这是一个关键的概念。现在任意和ordering service通信的网络实体都可以对其数字签名进行验证。 ## 1.8. 运行工具 You can manually generate the certificates/keys and the various configuration artifacts using the configtxgen and cryptogen commands. Alternately, you could try to adapt the byfn.sh script to accomplish your objectives. 你可以用`configtxgen`和`cryptogen`命令来手动生成证书/密钥和各种配置文件。或者,你可以尝试使用`byfn.sh`脚本来完成你的目标。 ### 1.8.1. 手动生成配置文件 You can refer to the generateCerts function in the byfn.sh script for the commands necessary to generate the certificates that will be used for your network configuration as defined in the crypto-config.yaml file. However, for the sake of convenience, we will also provide a reference here. 必要的话,你可以参考byfn.sh脚本中的`generateCerts`函数去生成相关定义在`crypto-config.yaml`文件中用于你的网络配置的相关证书。然而,为了方便起见,我们也将在此提供参考。 First let’s run the cryptogen tool. Our binary is in the bin directory, so we need to provide the relative path to where the tool resides. 首先,我们来运行`cryptogen`这个工具。我们的二进制文件在`bin`目录中,所以我们需要提供工具所在的相对路径。 ``` ../bin/cryptogen generate –config=./crypto-config.yaml ``` You will likely see the following warning. It’s innocuous, ignore it: 你可能会看到以下警告。这是无害的,请忽略它: ``` [bccsp] GetDefault → WARN 001 Before using BCCSP, please call InitFactories(). Falling back to bootBCCSP. ``` Next, we need to tell the configtxgen tool where to look for the configtx.yaml file that it needs to ingest. We will tell it look in our present working directory: 接下来,我们需要告诉`configtxgen`工具需要提取的`configtx.yaml`所在的位置。我们会告诉它在我们当前所在工作目录: First, we need to set an environment variable to specify where configtxgen should look for the configtx.yaml configuration file. Then, we’ll invoke the configtxgen tool which will create the orderer genesis block: 首先,我们需要设置一个环境变量来告诉`configtxgen`哪里去寻找configtx.yaml。然后,我们将调用`configtxgen`工具去创建`orderer genesis block`: ```bash export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD ../bin/configtxgen -profile TwoOrgsOrdererGenesis -outputBlock ./channel-artifacts/genesis.block ``` You can ignore the log warnings regarding intermediate certificates, certificate revocation lists (crls) and MSP configurations. We are not using any of those in this sample network. 你可以忽略有关中间证书,证书撤销列表(crls)和MSP配置的日志警告。我们没有在示例网络中使用其中的任何一个。 Next, we need to create the channel transaction artifact. Be sure to replace $CHANNEL_NAME or set CHANNEL_NAME as an environment variable that can be used throughout these instructions: 接下来,我们需要创建`channel transaction`配置。请确保替换`¥CHANNEL_NAME`或者将`CHANNEL_NAME`设置为整个说明中可以使用的环境变量: ``` export CHANNEL_NAME=mychannel # this file contains the definitions for our sample channel ../bin/configtxgen -profile TwoOrgsChannel -outputCreateChannelTx ./channel-artifacts/channel.tx -channelID $CHANNEL_NAME ``` Next, we will define the anchor peer for Org1 on the channel that we are constructing. Again, be sure to replace $CHANNEL_NAME or set the environment variable for the following commands: 接下来,我们将在正在构建的通道上定义`Org1`的`anchor peer`。请再次确认$CHANNEL_NAME已被替换或者为以下命令设置了环境变量: ``` ../bin/configtxgen -profile TwoOrgsChannel -outputAnchorPeersUpdate ./channel-artifacts/Org1MSPanchors.tx -channelID $CHANNEL_NAME -asOrg Org1MSP ``` Now, we will define the anchor peer for Org2 on the same channel: 现在,我们将在同一个通道定义`Org2`的`anchor peer`: ``` ../bin/configtxgen -profile TwoOrgsChannel -outputAnchorPeersUpdate ./channel-artifacts/Org2MSPanchors.tx -channelID $CHANNEL_NAME -asOrg Org2MSP ``` ## 1.9. 启动网络 We will leverage a docker-compose script to spin up our network. The docker-compose file references the images that we have previously downloaded, and bootstraps the orderer with our previously generated genesis.block. 我们将利用`docker-compose`脚本来启动我们的区块链网络。`docker-compose`文件利用我们之前下载的镜像,并用以前生成的`genesis.block`来引导`orderer`。 ``` working_dir: /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer # command: /bin/bash -c './scripts/script.sh ${CHANNEL_NAME}; sleep $TIMEOUT' volumes ``` If left uncommented, that script will exercise all of the CLI commands when the network is started, as we describe in the What’s happening behind the scenes? section. However, we want to go through the commands manually in order to expose the syntax and functionality of each call. 如果没有注释,该脚本将在网络启动时执行所有命令,正如我们在[幕后发生的情况](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/build_network.html#behind-scenes)中所描述的那样。然而,我们想手动执行命令,以便公开每个调用的语法和功能。 Pass in a moderately high value for the TIMEOUT variable (specified in seconds); otherwise the CLI container, by default, will exit after 60 seconds. 适当地为`TIMEOUT`传递较高的值(以秒为单位);默认情况下CLI容器将在60秒之后退出。 启动你的网络: ```bash CHANNEL_NAME=$CHANNEL_NAME TIMEOUT=<pick_a_value> docker-compose -f docker-compose-cli.yaml up -d ``` If you want to see the realtime logs for your network, then do not supply the -d flag. If you let the logs stream, then you will need to open a second terminal to execute the CLI calls. 如果要实时查看你的区块链网络的日志,请不要提供`-d`标志。如果你需要日志流,你需要打开第二个终端来执行CLI命令。 ### 1.9.1. 环境变量 For the following CLI commands against peer0.org1.example.com to work, we need to preface our commands with the four environment variables given below. These variables for peer0.org1.example.com are baked into the CLI container, therefore we can operate without passing them. HOWEVER, if you want to send calls to other peers or the orderer, then you will need to provide these values accordingly. Inspect the docker-compose-base.yaml for the specific paths: 为了使针对`peer0.org1.example.com`的CLI命令起作用,我们需要使用下面给出四个环境变量来介绍我们的命令。为`peer0.org1.example.com`涉及的这些变量将被拷贝到CLI容器中,因此我们不需要复制它们。然而,如果你发送调用到其他的peer节点或者orderer,则需要相应地提供这些值。检查`docker-compose-base.yaml`中的具体路径: ``` # Environment variables for PEER0 CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/Admin@org1.example.com/msp CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer0.org1.example.com:7051 CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID=“Org1MSP” CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt ``` ### 1.9.2. 创建&加入信道 We will enter the CLI container using the docker exec command: 我们将使用`docker exec`命令进入CLI容器: ```bash docker exec -it bash ``` If successful you should see the following: 如果成功,你将看到下列信息: ``` root@0d78bb69300d:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer# ``` Recall that we used the configtxgen tool to generate a channel configuration artifact - channel.tx. We are going to pass in this artifact to the orderer as part of the create channel request. 回想以下,我们使用configtxgen工具生成信道配置-`channel.tx`。我们将这个配置作为请求的一部分传递给订阅者。 >Note »Notice the – cafile that we pass as part of this command. It is the local path to the orderer’s root cert, allowing us to verify the TLS handshake. >注意 »注意`– cafile`会作为命令的一部分。这是orderer的root cert的本地路径,允许我们去验证TLS握手。 We specify our channel name with the -c flag and our channel configuration transaction with the -f flag. In this case it is channel.tx, however you can mount your own configuration transaction with a different name. 我们使用`-c`标志指定channel的名字,`-f`标志指定配置交易。在这个例子中它是`channel.tx`,当然你也可以使用不同的名称,挂载你自己的交易配置。 ```bash export CHANNEL_NAME=mychannel # the channel.tx file is mounted in the channel-artifacts directory within your CLI container # as a result, we pass the full path for the file # we also pass the path for the orderer ca-cert in order to verify the TLS handshake # be sure to replace the $CHANNEL_NAME variable appropriately peer channel create -o orderer.example.com:7050 -c $CHANNEL_NAME -f ./channel-artifacts/channel.tx –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem ``` This command returns a genesis block - <channel-ID.block> - which we will use to join the channel. It contains the configuration information specified in channel.tx. 此命令返回一个创世区块-`<channel-ID.block>`-我们将使用它加入信道。它包含了`channel.tx`中的配置信息。 >Note »You will remain in the CLI container for the remainder of these manual commands. You must also remember to preface all commands with the corresponding environment variables when targeting a peer other than peer0.org1.example.com. >注意 »剩下的命令将会留在CLI容器内执行。你必须记住所有的命令必须在相应的环境变量下执行当目标节点是除了`peer0.org1.example.com`以外的节点。 Now let’s join peer0.org1.example.com to the channel. 现在让我们加入`peer0.org1.example.com`频道。 ```bash # By default, this joins ``peer0.org1.example.com`` only # the <channel-ID>.block was returned by the previous command peer channel join -b <channel-ID.block> ``` You can make other peers join the channel as necessary by making appropriate changes in the four environment variables. 你可以修改4个环境变量来让别的节点加入信道。 ### 1.9.3. 安装和实例化链码 >Note »We will utilize a simple existing chaincode. To learn how to write your own chaincode, see the Chaincode for Developers tutorial. >注意 »我们将利用一个现有的简单链码,来学习如何编写自己的链码,请参考[链码服务开发指南](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/chaincode4ade.html) Applications interact with the blockchain ledger through chaincode. As such we need to install the chaincode on every peer that will execute and endorse our transactions, and then instantiate the chaincode on the channel. 应用程序和区块链账本会相互影响通过`chaincode`。因此,我们需要在每个会执行以及背书我们交易的peer节点安装chaincode,然后在信道上实例化chaincode。 First, install the sample go code onto one of the four peer nodes. This command places the source code onto our peer’s filesystem. 首先,在将示例代码安装到4个peer节点中的其中一个。这个命令将源代码放到peer节点的文件系统中。 ```bash peer chaincode install -n mycc -v 1.0 -p github.com/hyperledger/fabric/examples/chaincode/go/chaincode_example02 ``` Next, instantiate the chaincode on the channel. This will initialize the chaincode on the channel, set the endorsement policy for the chaincode, and launch a chaincode container for the targeted peer. Take note of the -P argument. This is our policy where we specify the required level of endorsement for a transaction against this chaincode to be validated. 接下来,在信道上实例化chaincode。这将初始化信道上的链码,设置链码的背书策略,为目标peer节点启动一个chaincode容器注意`-P`参数。这是我们需要指定的当这个chaincode的交易需要被验证的时侯的背书策略。 In the command below you’ll notice that we specify our policy as -P “OR ('Org0MSP.member','Org1MSP.member')”. This means that we need “endorsement” from a peer belonging to Org1 OR Org2 (i.e. only one endorsement). If we changed the syntax to AND then we would need two endorsements. 在下面的命令中,你会注意到我们指定`-P “OR ('Org0MSP.member','Org1MSP.member')“`作为背书策略。这意味着我们需要Org1或者Org2组织中的其中一个的节点的背书即可(即只有一个背书)。如果我们改变语法为`AND`那么我们就需要2个背书者。 ```bash # be sure to replace the $CHANNEL_NAME environment variable # if you did not install your chaincode with a name of mycc, then modify that argument as well peer chaincode instantiate -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n mycc -v 1.0 -c '{“Args”:[“init”,”a”, “100”, “b”,“200”]}' -P “OR ('Org1MSP.member','Org2MSP.member')” ``` See the endorsement policies documentation for more details on policy implementation. 有关更多背书策略的详细信息请参考[背书策略](http://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/endorsement-policies.html) ### 1.9.4. 查询 Let’s query for the value of a to make sure the chaincode was properly instantiated and the state DB was populated. The syntax for query is as follows: 让我们查询一下`a`的值,以确保链码被正确实例化,`state DB`被填充。查询的语法如下: ```bash # be sure to set the -C and -n flags appropriately peer chaincode query -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n mycc -c '{“Args”:[“query”,“a”]}' ``` ### 1.9.5. 调用 Now let’s move 10 from a to b. This transaction will cut a new block and update the state DB. The syntax for invoke is as follows: 现在让我们从`a`账户转`10`到`b`账户。这个交易将创建一个新的区块并更新`state DB`。调用语法如下: ```bash # be sure to set the -C and -n flags appropriately peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n mycc -c '{“Args”:[“invoke”,“a”,“b”,“10”]}' ``` ### 1.9.6. 查询 让我们确认下我们之前的调用被正确地执行了。我们初始化了`a`的值为`100`,在上一次调用的时侯转移了`10`给`b`。因此,查询`a`应该展示`90`。查询的语法如下: ```bash # be sure to set the -C and -n flags appropriately peer chaincode query -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n mycc -c '{“Args”:[“query”,“a”]}' ``` We should see the following: 我们应该看到以下内容: ```bash Query Result: 90 ``` Feel free to start over and manipulate the key value pairs and subsequent invocations. 随时重新开始并操作键值对和随后的调用。 ### 1.9.7. 幕后发生了什么? >Note »These steps describe the scenario in which script.sh is not commented out in the docker-compose-cli.yaml file. Clean your network with ./byfn.sh -m down and ensure this command is active. Then use the same docker-compose prompt to launch your network again >注意 »这些步骤描述啦在`script.sh`脚本中没有注释掉的`docker-compose-cli.yaml`文件中的场景。使用`./byfn.sh -m down`并确保命令执行成功。然后使用相同的docker-compose提示去启动你的网络。 * A script - script.sh - is baked inside the CLI container. The script drives the createChannel command against the supplied channel name and uses the channel.tx file for channel configuration. * `script.sh`脚本被拷贝到CLI容器中。这个脚本驱动了使用提供的channel name以及信道配置的channel.tx文件的`createChannel`命令。 * The output of createChannel is a genesis block - `<your_channel_name>.block` - which gets stored on the peers’ file systems and contains the channel configuration specified from channel.tx. * `createChannel`命令的产出是一个创世区块-`<your_channel_name>.block`-这个创世区块被存储在peer节点的文件系统中同时包含了在channel.tx的信道配置。 * The joinChannel command is exercised for all four peers, which takes as input the previously generated genesis block. This command instructs the peers to join `<your_channel_name>` and create a chain starting with `<your_channel_name>.block`. * `joinChannel`命令被4个peer节点执行,作为之前产生的genesis block的输入。这个命令介绍了peer节点加入`<your_channel_name>`以及利用`<your_channel_name>.block`去创建一条链。 * Now we have a channel consisting of four peers, and two organizations. This is our TwoOrgsChannel profile. * 现在我们有了由4个peer节点以及2个组织构成的信道。这是我们的`TwoOrgsChannel`配置文件。 * peer0.org1.example.com and peer1.org1.example.com belong to Org1; peer0.org2.example.com and peer1.org2.example.com belong to Org2 * `peer0.org1.example.com`和`peer1.org1.example.com`属于Org1;`peer0.org2.example.com`和`peer1.org2.example.com`属于Org2 * These relationships are defined through the crypto-config.yaml and the MSP path is specified in our docker compose. * 这些关系是通过crypto-config.yaml定义的,MSP路径在docker-compose文件中被指定。 * The anchor peers for Org1MSP (peer0.org1.example.com) and Org2MSP (peer0.org2.example.com) are then updated. We do this by passing the Org1MSPanchors.tx and Org2MSPanchors.tx artifacts to the ordering service along with the name of our channel. * Org1MSP(`peer0.org1.example.com`)和Org2MSP(`peer0.org2.example.com`)的anchor peers将在后续被更新。我们通过携带channel的名字传递`Org1MSPanchors.tx`和`Org2MSPanchors.tx`配置到排序服务来实现anchor peer的更新。 * A chaincode - chaincode_example02 - is installed on peer0.org1.example.com and peer0.org2.example.com * 一个链码-`chaincode_example02`被安装在`peer0.org1.example.com`和`peer0.org2.example.com` * The chaincode is then “instantiated” on peer0.org2.example.com. Instantiation adds the chaincode to the channel, starts the container for the target peer, and initializes the key value pairs associated with the chaincode. The initial values for this example are [“a”,”100” “b”,”200”]. This “instantiation” results in a container by the name of dev-peer0.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0 starting. * 这个链码在`peer0.org2.example.com`被实例化。实例化过程将链码添加到信道上,并启动peer节点对应的容器,并且初始化和链码服务有关的键值对。示例的初始化的值是`[”a“,”100“,”b“,”200“]`。实例化的结果是一个名为`dev-peer0.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0`的容器启动了。 * The instantiation also passes in an argument for the endorsement policy. The policy is defined as -P “OR ('Org1MSP.member','Org2MSP.member')”, meaning that any transaction must be endorsed by a peer tied to Org1 or Org2. * 实例化过程同样为背书策略传递相关参数。策略被定义为`-P “OR ('Org1MSP.member','Org2MSP.member')“`,意思是任何交易必须被Org1或者Org2背书。 * A query against the value of “a” is issued to peer0.org1.example.com. The chaincode was previously installed on peer0.org1.example.com, so this will start a container for Org1 peer0 by the name of dev-peer0.org1.example.com-mycc-1.0. The result of the query is also returned. No write operations have occurred, so a query against “a” will still return a value of “100”. * 一个针对`a`的查询发往`peer0.org1.example.com`。链码服务已经被安装在了`peer0.org1.example.com`,因此这次查询将启动一个名为`dev-peer0.org1.example.com-mycc-1.0`的容器。查询的结果也将被返回。没有写操作出现,因此查询的结果的值将为`100`。 * An invoke is sent to peer0.org1.example.com to move “10” from “a” to “b” * 一次`invoke`被发往`peer0.org1.example.com`,从`a`转移`10`到`b`。 * The chaincode is then installed on peer1.org2.example.com * 然后链码服务被安装到`peer1.org2.example.com` * A query is sent to peer1.org2.example.com for the value of “a”. This starts a third chaincode container by the name of dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0. A value of 90 is returned, correctly reflecting the previous transaction during which the value for key “a” was modified by 10. * 一个`query`请求被发往`peer1.org2.example.com`用于查询`a`的值。这将启动第三个链码服务名为`dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0`。返回`a`的值为90,正确地反映了之前的交易,`a`的值被转移了10。 ### 1.9.8. 这指明了什么? Chaincode MUST be installed on a peer in order for it to successfully perform read/write operations against the ledger. Furthermore, a chaincode container is not started for a peer until an init or traditional transaction - read/write - is performed against that chaincode (e.g. query for the value of “a”). The transaction causes the container to start. Also, all peers in a channel maintain an exact copy of the ledger which comprises the blockchain to store the immutable, sequenced record in blocks, as well as a state database to maintain a snapshot of the current state. This includes those peers that do not have chaincode installed on them (like peer1.org1.example.com in the above example) . Finally, the chaincode is accessible after it is installed (like peer1.org2.example.com in the above example) because it has already been instantiated. 为了能够正确地在账本上进行读写操作,链码服务必须被安装在peer节点上。此外,每个peer节点的链码服务的容器除了`init`或者传统的交易-读/写-针对该链码服务执行(例如查询`a`的值),在其他情况下不会启动。交易导致容器的启动。当然,所有信道中的节点都持有以块的形式顺序存储的不可变的账本精确的备份,以及状态数据库来保存前状态的快照。这包括了没有在其上安装链码服务的peer节点(`peer1.org2.example.com`如上所示)。最后,链码在被安装后将是可达状态,因为它已经被实例化了。 ### 1.9.9. 我如何查询这些交易? 检查CLI容器的日志。 ```bash docker logs -f cli ``` 你应该看到以下输出: ```bash 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp] GetLocalMSP → DEBU 004 Returning existing local MSP 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp] GetDefaultSigningIdentity → DEBU 005 Obtaining default signing identity 2017-05-16 17:08:01.366 UTC [msp/identity] Sign → DEBU 006 Sign: plaintext: 0AB1070A6708031A0C08F1E3ECC80510…6D7963631A0A0A0571756572790A0161 2017-05-16 17:08:01.367 UTC [msp/identity] Sign → DEBU 007 Sign: digest: E61DB37F4E8B0D32C9FE10E3936BA9B8CD278FAA1F3320B08712164248285C54 Query Result: 90 2017-05-16 17:08:15.158 UTC [main] main → INFO 008 Exiting….. ===================== Query on PEER3 on channel 'mychannel' is successful ===================== ===================== All GOOD, BYFN execution completed ===================== _ _ _ | | | \ | | | _ \ | _| | \| | | | | | | |_ \ _
_ _ \_

```

You can scroll through these logs to see the various transactions.

你可以滚动这些日志来查看各种交易。

### 1.9.10. 我如何查看链码日志?

Inspect the individual chaincode containers to see the separate transactions executed against each container. Here is the combined output from each container:

检查每个独立的链码服务容器来查看每个容器内的分隔的交易。下面是每个链码服务容器的日志的组合: ```bash $ docker logs dev-peer0.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0 04:30:45.947 [BCCSP_FACTORY] DEBU : Initialize BCCSP [SW] ex02 Init Aval = 100, Bval = 200

$ docker logs dev-peer0.org1.example.com-mycc-1.0 04:31:10.569 [BCCSP_FACTORY] DEBU : Initialize BCCSP [SW] ex02 Invoke Query Response:{“Name”:“a”,”Amount”:“100”} ex02 Invoke Aval = 90, Bval = 210

$ docker logs dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0 04:31:30.420 [BCCSP_FACTORY] DEBU : Initialize BCCSP [SW] ex02 Invoke Query Response:{“Name”:“a”,“Amount”:“90”} ```

## 1.10. 了解 Docker Compose 技术

The BYFN sample offers us two flavors of Docker Compose files, both of which are extended from the docker-compose-base.yaml (located in the base folder). Our first flavor, docker-compose-cli.yaml, provides us with a CLI container, along with an orderer, four peers. We use this file for the entirety of the instructions on this page.

BYFN示例给我们提供了两种风格的Docker Compose文件,它们都继承自`docker-compose-base.yaml`(`base`目录下)。我们的第一种类型,`docker-compose-cli.yaml`给我们提供了一个CLI容器,以及一个orderer容器,四个peer容器。我们用此文件来展开这个页面上的所有说明。

Note
the remainder of this section covers a docker-compose file designed for the SDK. Refer to the Node SDK repo for details on running these tests.
注意
本节的剩余部分涵盖了为SDK设计的docker-compose文件。有关运行这些测试的详细信息,请参阅[Node SDK](https://github.com/hyperledger/fabric-sdk-node)仓库。

The second flavor, docker-compose-e2e.yaml, is constructed to run end-to-end tests using the Node.js SDK. Aside from functioning with the SDK, its primary differentiation is that there are containers for the fabric-ca servers. As a result, we are able to send REST calls to the organizational CAs for user registration and enrollment.

第二种风格是`docker-compose-e2e.yaml`,被构造为使用Node.js SDK来运行端到端测试。除了SDK的功能之外,它主要的区别在于它有运行fabric-ca服务的容器。因此,我们能够向组织的CA节点发送REST的请求用于注册和登记。

If you want to use the docker-compose-e2e.yaml without first running the byfn.sh script, then we will need to make four slight modifications. We need to point to the private keys for our Organization’s CA’s. You can locate these values in your crypto-config folder. For example, to locate the private key for Org1 we would follow this path - crypto-config/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/ca/. The private key is a long hash value followed by _sk. The path for Org2 would be - crypto-config/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/ca/.

如果你在没有运行`byfn.sh`脚本的情况下,想使用`docker-compose-e2e.yaml`,我们需要进行4个轻微的修改。我们需要指出本组织CA的私钥。你可以在`crypto-config`文件夹中找到这些值。举个例子,为了定位Org1的私钥,我们将使用`crypto-config/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/ca/`。Org2的路径为`crypto-config/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/ca/`。

In the docker-compose-e2e.yaml update the FABRIC_CA_SERVER_TLS_KEYFILE variable for ca0 and ca1. You also need to edit the path that is provided in the command to start the ca server. You are providing the same private key twice for each CA container.

在`docker-compose-e2e.yaml`里为ca0和ca1更新FABRIC_CA_SERVER_TLS_KEYFILE变量。你同样需要编辑command中去启动ca server的路径。你为每个CA容器提供了2次同样的私钥。

## 1.11. 使用CouchDB

The state database can be switched from the default (goleveldb) to CouchDB. The same chaincode functions are available with CouchDB, however, there is the added ability to perform rich and complex queries against the state database data content contingent upon the chaincode data being modeled as JSON.

状态数据库可以从默认的`goleveldb`切换到`CouchDB`。链码功能同样能使用`CouchDB`。但是,`CouchDB`提供了额外的能力来根据JSON形式的链码服务数据提供更加丰富以及复杂的查询。

To use CouchDB instead of the default database (goleveldb), follow the same procedures outlined earlier for generating the artifacts, except when starting the network pass docker-compose-couch.yaml as well:

使用CouchDB代替默认的数据库(goleveldb),除了在启动网络的时侯传递`docker-compose-couch.yaml`之外,请遵循前面提到的生成配置文件的过程: ```bash CHANNEL_NAME=$CHANNEL_NAME TIMEOUT=<pick_a_value> docker-compose -f docker-compose-cli.yaml -f docker-compose-couch.yaml up -d ```

chaincode_example02 should now work using CouchDB underneath.

chaincode_example02现在应该使用下面的CouchDB。

Note
If you choose to implement mapping of the fabric-couchdb container port to a host port, please make sure you are aware of the security implications. Mapping of the port in a development environment makes the CouchDB REST API available, and allows the visualization of the database via the CouchDB web interface (Fauxton). Production environments would likely refrain from implementing port mapping in order to restrict outside access to the CouchDB containers.
注意
如果你选择将fabric-couchdb容器端口映射到主机端口,请确保你意识到了安全性的影响。在开发环境中映射端口可以使CouchDB REST API可用,并允许通过CouchDB Web界面(Fauxton)对数据库进行可视化。生产环境将避免端口映射,以限制对CouchDB容器的外部访问。

You can use chaincode_example02 chaincode against the CouchDB state database using the steps outlined above, however in order to exercise the CouchDB query capabilities you will need to use a chaincode that has data modeled as JSON, (e.g. marbles02). You can locate the marbles02 chaincode in the fabric/examples/chaincode/go directory.

你可以使用上面列出的步骤使用CouchDB来执行chaincode_example02,然而为了执行执行CouchDB的查询能力,你将需要使用被格式化为JSON的数据(例如marbles02)。你可以在`fabric/examples/chaincode/go`目录中找到`marbles02`链码服务。

We will follow the same process to create and join the channel as outlined in the Create & Join Channel section above. Once you have joined your peer(s) to the channel, use the following steps to interact with the marbles02 chaincode:

我们将按照上述[创建和加入频道](#createandjoin)部分所述的相同过程创建和加入信道。一旦你将peer节点加入到了信道,请使用以下步骤与marbles02链码交互:

* Install and instantiate the chaincode on peer0.org1.example.com:

* 在`peer0.org1.example.com`上安装和实例化链码:

```bash # be sure to modify the $CHANNEL_NAME variable accordingly for the instantiate command

peer chaincode install -n marbles -v 1.0 -p github.com/hyperledger/fabric/examples/chaincode/go/marbles02 peer chaincode instantiate -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -v 1.0 -c '{“Args”:[“init”]}' -P “OR ('Org0MSP.member','Org1MSP.member')” ```

* Create some marbles and move them around:

* 创建一些marbles并移动它们: ```bash # be sure to modify the $CHANNEL_NAME variable accordingly

peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“initMarble”,“marble1”,“blue”,“35”,“tom”]}' peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“initMarble”,“marble2”,“red”,“50”,“tom”]}' peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“initMarble”,“marble3”,“blue”,“70”,“tom”]}' peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“transferMarble”,“marble2”,“jerry”]}' peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“transferMarblesBasedOnColor”,“blue”,“jerry”]}' peer chaincode invoke -o orderer.example.com:7050 –tls $CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED –cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“delete”,“marble1”]}' ```

* If you chose to map the CouchDB ports in docker-compose, you can now view the state database through the CouchDB web interface (Fauxton) by opening a browser and navigating to the following URL:

http://localhost:5984/_utils

* 如果你选择在docker-compose文件中映射你的CouchDB的端口,那么你现在就可以通过CouchDB Web界面(Fauxton)通过打开浏览器导航下列URL:`http://localhost:5984/_utils`

You should see a database named mychannel (or your unique channel name) and the documents inside it.

你应该可以看到一个名为`mychannel`(或者你的唯一的信道名字)的数据库以及它的文档在里面:

Note
For the below commands, be sure to update the $CHANNEL_NAME variable appropriately.
注意
对于下面的命令,请确定$CHANNEL_NAME变量被更新了。

You can run regular queries from the CLI (e.g. reading marble2):

你可以CLI中运行常规的查询(例如读取`marble2`): ```bash peer chaincode query -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“readMarble”,“marble2”]}' ```

The output should display the details of marble2:

marble2的输出应该显示为如下: ```bash Query Result: {“color”:“red”,“docType”:“marble”,“name”:“marble2”,“owner”:“jerry”,“size”:50} ```

You can retrieve the history of a specific marble - e.g. marble1:

你可以检索特定marble的历史记录-例如`marble1`: ```bash peer chaincode query -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“getHistoryForMarble”,“marble1”]}' ```

The output should display the transactions on marble1:

输出应该在`marble1`的交易: ```bash Query Result: [{“TxId”:“1c3d3caf124c89f91a4c0f353723ac736c58155325f02890adebaa15e16e6464”, “Value”:{“docType”:“marble”,“name”:“marble1”,“color”:“blue”,“size”:35,“owner”:“tom”}},{“TxId”:“755d55c281889eaeebf405586f9e25d71d36eb3d35420af833a20a2f53a3eefd”, “Value”:{“docType”:“marble”,“name”:“marble1”,“color”:“blue”,“size”:35,“owner”:“jerry”}},{“TxId”:“819451032d813dde6247f85e56a89262555e04f14788ee33e28b232eef36d98f”, “Value”:}] ```

You can also perform rich queries on the data content, such as querying marble fields by owner jerry:

你还可以对数据内容执行丰富的查询,例如通过拥有者`jerry`查询marble: ```bash peer chaincode query -C $CHANNEL_NAME -n marbles -c '{“Args”:[“queryMarblesByOwner”,“jerry”]}' ```

The output should display the two marbles owned by jerry:

输出应该显示2个属于`jerry`的marble: ```bash Query Result: [{“Key”:“marble2”, “Record”:{“color”:“red”,“docType”:“marble”,“name”:“marble2”,“owner”:“jerry”,“size”:50}},{“Key”:“marble3”, “Record”:{“color”:“blue”,“docType”:“marble”,“name”:“marble3”,“owner”:“jerry”,“size”:70}}] ```

## 1.12. 关于数据持久化的提示

If data persistence is desired on the peer container or the CouchDB container, one option is to mount a directory in the docker-host into a relevant directory in the container. For example, you may add the following two lines in the peer container specification in the docker-compose-base.yaml file:

如果需要在peer容器或者CouchDB容器进行数据持久化,一种选择是将docker容器内相应的目录挂载到容器所在的宿主机的一个目录中。例如,你可以添加下列的两行到`docker-compose-base.yaml`文件中peer的约定中: ```bash volumes: - /var/hyperledger/peer0:/var/hyperledger/production ```

For the CouchDB container, you may add the following two lines in the CouchDB container specification:

对于CouchDB容器,你可以在CouchDB的约定中添加两行: ```bash volumes: - /var/hyperledger/couchdb0:/opt/couchdb/data ```

## 1.13. 故障排除

* Always start your network fresh. Use the following command to remove artifacts, crypto, containers and chaincode images:

* 始终保持你的网络是全新的。使用以下命令来移除之前生成的artifacts,crypto,containers以及chaincode images: ```bash ./byfn.sh -m down ```

* YOU WILL SEE ERRORS IF YOU DO NOT REMOVE CONTAINERS AND IMAGES

* 你将会看到错误信息,如果你不移除容器和镜像

* If you see Docker errors, first check your version (should be 1.12 or above), and then try restarting your Docker process. Problems with Docker are oftentimes not immediately recognizable. For example, you may see errors resulting from an inability to access crypto material mounted within a container.

* 如果你看到相关的Docker错误信息,请检查你的版本(应为1.12或更高版本),然后重启你的Docker进程。Docker的问题通常不会被立即识别。例如,你可能看到由于容器内加密材料导致的错误。

* If they persist remove your images and start from scratch:

* 如果她们坚持删除您的镜像,并从头开始: ```bash docker rm -f $(docker ps -aq) docker rmi -f $(docker images -q) ```

* If you see errors on your create, instantiate, invoke or query commands, make sure you have properly updated the channel name and chaincode name. There are placeholder values in the supplied sample commands.

* 如果你发现你的创建、实例化,调用或者查询命令,请确保你已经更新了信道和链码的名字。提供的示例命令中有占位符。

* If you see the below error:

* 如果你看到如下错误: ```bash Error: Error endorsing chaincode: rpc error: code = 2 desc = Error installing chaincode code mycc:1.0(chaincode /var/hyperledger/production/chaincodes/mycc.1.0 exits) ```

You likely have chaincode images (e.g. dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0 or dev-peer0.org1.example.com-mycc-1.0) from prior runs. Remove them and try again.

你可能由以前运行的链码服务(例如`dev-peer1.org2.example.com-mycc-1.0`或`dev-peer0.org1.example.com-mycc-1.0`)。删除它们,然后重试。 ```bash docker rmi -f $(docker images | grep peer[0-9]-peer[0-9] | awk '{print $3}') ```

* If you see something similar to the following:

* 如果你看到类似以下内容的错误信息:

```bash Error connecting: rpc error: code = 14 desc = grpc: RPC failed fast due to transport failure Error: rpc error: code = 14 desc = grpc: RPC failed fast due to transport failure ```

请确保你的fabric网络运行在被标记为`latest`的`1.0.0-rc1`镜像上。

If you see the below error:

如果你看到了类似以下错误的内容: ```bash [configtx/tool/localconfig] Load → CRIT 002 Error reading configuration: Unsupported Config Type “” panic: Error reading configuration: Unsupported Config Type “” ```

Then you did not set the FABRIC_CFG_PATH environment variable properly. The configtxgen tool needs this variable in order to locate the configtx.yaml. Go back and execute an export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD, then recreate your channel artifacts.

那么你没有正确设置`FABRIC_CFG_PATH`环境变量。configtxgen工具需要这个变量才能找到configtx.yaml。返回并执行`export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD`,然后重新创建channel配置。

* To cleanup the network, use the down option:

* 要清理网络,请使用`down`选项:

```bash ./byfn.sh -m down ``` * If you see an error stating that you still have “active endpoints”, then prune your Docker networks. This will wipe your previous networks and start you with a fresh environment:

* 如果你看到一条指示你依然有“active endpoints”,然后清理你的Docker网络。这将会清除你之前的网络并且给你一个全新的环境:

```bash docker network prune ```

You will see the following message:

你将看到以下消息:

```bash WARNING! This will remove all networks not used by at least one container. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] ```

Select y.

选择`y`。

* If you continue to see errors, share your logs on the # fabric-questions channel on Hyperledger Rocket Chat.

* 如果你仍旧看到了错误,请在[Hyperledger Rocket Chat](https://chat.hyperledger.org/home)的`# fabric-questions`频道上分享你的日志。

groups/twgc/fabric-doc/build_network_zh.md.txt · Last modified: 2017/08/01 02:42 by Xuan Zhangjiong