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groups:healthcare:scenario-modeling-instructions

Scenario modeling instructions

Home : Activities : Domain analysis


Below are instructions for scenario modeling using the scenario-template.


Name

The scenario name should be as concise as possible, and should describe the primary action : the high-level activity being performed (verb) and object of the action (noun).

Narrative

A summary of the scenario in natural language text. Using an iterative modeling approach, the narrative may be the first and only artifact to be documented. It should include sufficient detail to allow analysts to derive and complete the remaining template details.

The narrative should be traceable to supporting source materials, including primary data from SME interviews or knowledge resources such as research publications, policies and guidelines. Links to all relevant sources should be included at the bottom of the template.


Participants, Resources and Contexts

Participants

Participants should be identified and enumerated from the narrative summary. Participants may be described by their generic roles, or specifically identified and named actors.

Roles

A list of participant roles, consisting of links to items in the roles registry.

  • role
  • role

Actors

A list of identified actors, either people, groups or organizations, consisting of links to the stakeholders registry.

  • actor
  • actor

Resources

Resources are physical or virtual (abstract) entities that are identified within the narrative summary, and are either required or optional elements in the scenario. Resources are listed as links to the resource registry.

  • resource
  • resource

Inputs

Inputs are existing, external resources that are either required or optional to the scenario.

  • input
  • input

Outputs

Outputs are new or modified resources that result as an outcome of the scenario, including intended (work) products or residual or waste outputs.

  • output
  • output

Contexts

Contexts are the setting(s) within which the scenario takes place. Contexts should be listed as links to the context registry.

Physical

Physical contexts are real-world settings, such as generic geographical, environmental, or jurisdictional regions (e.g. lake, forest, city), as well as generic settings within human habitats (e.g. home, farm, hospital). The context may refer to a specific, named, real-world entity where appropriate (e.g. UN Headquarters).

  • physical context
  • physical context

Virtual

  • virtual context
  • virtual context

Goals, Flows and Policies

Goals

One or more statements of the desired or expected outcomes of the scenario (future state).

  • goal
  • goal

Preconditions

Concise statements regarding the state of participants, resources or contexts at the start of the scenario; activities or events either completed or underway concurrently; statements may be grouped using logical operators (not, and, or, xor) to describe compound preconditions.

Participant preconditions

  • precondition
  • precondition

Resource preconditions

  • precondition
  • precondition

Context preconditions

  • precondition
  • precondition

Previous (input) flows : activities or events

Flows originating with previous activities or events may be either synchronized (all flows required) or merged (one or more flows required). Previous activities or events have completed.

  • precondition
  • precondition

Concurrent (parallel) flows : activities or events

Concurrent flows have begun and are underway, but have not completed prior to start of the flow.

  • precondition
  • precondition

Flows

Sequence of activities or events from start to one or more identified goals or other outcomes.

Primary flows

Activities or events : recursive elaboration of each activity or event as required until fine-grained (atomic) descriptions have been are reached.

  • Activities or events
  • Activities or events

Alternate flows

Flows when the preconditions have not been met.

  • Activities or events
  • Activities or events

Post-conditions

Concise statements regarding the state of participants, resources or contexts at the end of the scenario.

Outcomes : Goal-states

Post-conditions that satisfy the scenario goals.

  • outcome
  • outcome

Outcomes : Other

Post-conditions when scenario goals have not been met, such as interruption or cancellation of flows.

  • outcome
  • outcome

Subsequent activities or events

Flows that occur following completion of the scenario; these include flows following successful outcomes as well as compensating or terminating flows when attainment of goal-states has not been met. Multiple subsequent flows may either branch (all flows simultaneously) or split (one of multiple flows selected)

Subsequent flows : successful outcome

  • Activity
  • Activity
Subsequent flows : compensating or terminating outcome
  • Activity
  • Activity

Supporting Resources

Sources

Links to supporting documentation, including primary data and knowledge resources

  • resource
  • resource
groups/healthcare/scenario-modeling-instructions.txt · Last modified: 2018/10/08 21:43 by Mikhail Elias